These opposing attributes made Greece a very powerful and influential nation, but at the same time it became their ultimate weakness. Our socialist oligarchy allowed for stability and predictability and the division of labor granted for their military excellence and feeling of luxury. They were reliant on other cultures, which was not a good choice, especially in wartime. Discuss the conclusions that you came to regarding the comparison chart. For the rest, the training was rigorous. Over the years, the Spartan's r uthless and brutal reputation in war grew so large that other nations and city-states were so frightened that they would not attack Sparta even though the Spartan army was not more larger then eight thousand men.
However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. Only men were given the title 'citizen'. Athens was a limited democracy while Sparta was a military oligarchy that had two kings. In Athens, all of the people able to vote voted. Athenian government was not as balanced or equal.
This type of governance was in line with their belief in military rule. Our power was not completely military power, our economic self-sufficiency allowed for attacks on neighboring city-states without fear of trade cut-off, letting us conquer unjust and unfair city-states with corrupt governments. Because of its unfertile soil, it was hard to grow food. Other city-states were not excited about receiving iron as payment from Sparta. Both the city states had strong soldiers, and they needed slaves or helots to make their lives easier, or work in their farms. Spartans valued strength, duty and discipline while Athenians valued knowledge, arts and wisdom in battle. The smart and strong slaves were put to death because of the fear of revolt because slaves outnumbered citizens there.
This law did not affect their economy, which was already self-sufficient. Both city states had extremely large slave populations, with each home to about 100,000 slaves. These brutal conditions were intended to make them tough fighters. Government has 3 branches of government : The executive branch, which is led by the president, The Judicial Branch, which is led by The Supreme Court, and the Legislative Branch, which includes the congress and the senate. Athens military had the srongest navy. While both cities located in Greece, the similarities end there.
Sparta, on the other hand, was located in the Laconia region and exhibited a more temperate and dry climate. However, Sparta had only about 8,000 citizens, while Athens had between 40,000 and 100,000. Working below the ephors was the Council of Elders and an Assembly. During a time of many military battles Athens decided to worry more about comfort and culture. It is common knowledge that Athens was the first democracy.
Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. They spoke in Laconic phrases which meant they answered or spoke in as little words as possible ex. In contrast, it valued philosophy, equality, and the arts. For example, Sparta was harsh and a military based city-state. The Council prepared laws for the Assembly to vote on, and it had the power to stop any laws passed by the Assembly that the council members did not like. This is the type of society the ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the ancient Athenians.
Women actually were more wealthy than men. The Spartan oligarchy may not have given its citizens a lot of freedom but it was successful in gaining attention and respect from the other Greeks and their rival nations. Education Which valued choral dance and music? Copyright © 1996- Oakwood Mgt. There was a drastic difference in the cultures of the two cities. Sparta was a strict military ruled city-state where the people established themselves as a military power who became too powerful.
. After word of the Persians arrival at Marathon the Athenian assembly met in order to discuss whether or not to fight at Marathon or remain in the city in order to protect it. Athenian democracy had a much more complex system of checks-and-balances, and all offices where time-bound elected positions where short term affairs, the longest lasting about 1 year , this no one person was in a position of power for too lengthy a time. Athens was not a city-state for war. Both girls and boys were taught reading, writing, literature and mathematics, as well as wrestling, fighting and how to defend themselves. The Spartans' simple but militaristic lifestyle served them well in this capacity. There are many differences between the Spartas and the Athens.
Spartan women were independent and enjoyed freedom to the fullest which was not common elsewhere in Greece. Athenians voted for their leaders who came from the upper class. The combination of this philosophy, the education of Spartan males, and the discipline of their army gave the Spartans the stability needed to survive in Ancient Greece. Sparta relied on agriculture and used their military might to conquer other cities. They also had Draconian laws which were pretty tough laws and sometimes unfair. Their was a group called the Council of 500 that met every day.
Government: Athens vs Sparta The Athenian government was a democracy. Argo's stone sculptures of burly athletes were very appreciated. Athenians were notable intellectuals, and so they spent a lot of time developing and improving techniques on farming and food production. Life may have been sophisticated and graceful in Athens but the Athenians were often mocked by opposing countries and other city-states for having no bravery, patriotism or courage. At the age of 7, the child was taken from the mother and put under control of the state.