Bimbisara's second wife, Chellana, was a Lachchhavi princess from Vaishali and a relative of Mahavira's mother. Ajatashatru strengthened the defenses of the Magadhan capital, , and built a small fort on the Ganges at Pataligrama, which was to become the famous capital Pataliputra modern. Original Classification Number: 888 A96d tY55 1854. Under Bimbisara, Magadha annexed the neighbouring eastern kingdoms, and made marriage aliances with the ones in the west and north. For example, the various recensions of mention him as Varisara or Varikara.
All sources agree that Bindusara was succeeded by his son , although they provide varying descriptions of the circumstances of this succession. Thus Bimbisara pushed Magadha in the path of incipient imperialism by acquiring a territory of about 300 leagues in extent. Thus, through conquests did Ajatsatru increase his power and extended the limit of Magadhan Empire. Vedic texts such as the Satapatha Brahmana demonize the inhabitants of this area as demonic and as speaking a barbarous speech. He defeated its king Brahmadatta and annexed Anga country with its flourishing capital Champa to Magadha. Now on the basis of military, he was a powerful ruler who had 6 branches of military. The Jain sources include the 12th century Parishishta-Parvan by Hemachandra and the 19th century Rajavali-Katha by.
The limits of the empire ruled by Asoka, son and successor of Bindusara, are known with sufficient accuracy, and it is certain that his dominions extended as far south as Madras. It is believed that Chandragupta Maurya adopted Jainism and became an ascetic under the Jain saint Bhadrabahu. It was finally at Bodh Gaya in Magadha that he attained enlightenment to become the Buddha. He renounced all worldly pleasures and became a monk as per the tradition of Jainism. The army, exhausted and frightened at the prospect of facing another giant Indian army at the Ganges, mutinied at the Hyphasis the modern and refused to march further east. Altogether 36 republican chiefs formed a confederacy under the Lichchhavi chief Chetaka.
Among the artisans, ship-builders and armour-makers were salaried public servants, and were not permitted, it is said, to work for any private person. According to, he constructed many Chaityas and Viharas. License Written by , published on 16 September 2016 under the following license:. Orthodox Vedic Brahmins were, therefore, a minority in Magadha during this early period. Today, a small temple sits on the place where once the cave, inside which he passed away, is believed to have been located.
In course of this protracted struggle Ajatasatru defeated the Lichchhavis and annexed the kingdom of Vaisali. Raychaudhury rightly points out that the most potent cause of the Magadha-Lichchhavi war was the common movement among the republican states against the rising imperialism of Magadha. In pursuit of this object, Seleukos crossed the Indus in 305 B. In some way or other, young Chandragupta incurred the displeasure of his kinsman, Mahapadma Nanda, the reigning King of Magadha, and was obliged to go into exile. Taking note of the issue of Vrijian unity, Ajatashatru decided to break it first before he did anything else. The earliest reference to the Magadha people occurs in the , where they are found listed along with the , and Mujavats.
The greatest achievement of the Shishunagas was that they destructed the power of Avanti and ended the 100 years old rival of the Magadha. Chanakya grooms Chandragupta to conquer and rule in the place of the Nanda Emperor. The 16th century Tibetan Buddhist author credits his administration with extensive territorial conquests in southern India, but some historians doubt the historical authenticity of this claim. With this brief glance the shadowy figure of Bindusara passes from our view, and the next two chapters will be devoted to the history of Asoka, who rightfully claims a place in the front rank of the great monarchs, not only of India, but of the world. The administration of the capital city, Pataliputra, was regarded as a matter of the highest importance, and was provided for by the formation of a Municipal Commission, consisting of thirty members, divided, like the War Office Commission of equal numbers, into six boards or committees of five members each. Bimbisara placed a great reliance on his war elephants to win his battles.
According to the prose version of Ashokavadana, Bindusara's favourite son Sushima once playfully threw his at the prime minister, Khallataka. Gladiatorial contests between men were also exhibited. Chanakya or Kautilya was a great scholar, teacher of economics and political science at ancient Takshashila University. Magadha controlled the entire eastern part of the country through alliances with smaller vassal states. According to the Jain sources, Bindusara's father Chandragupta adopted before his death. Since the entire empire had uniformity in its administration, economy and infrastructure, the subjects enjoyed their privileges and hailed Chandragupta Maurya as the greatest emperor. Since that period, Magadha Empire came to be the centre of the North Indian politics for long.
Merchants paid a license tax, and the trader who dealt in more than one class of commodity paid double. According to Indologist , the culture of Magadha was in some ways different than the Vedic kingdoms of the. But some records, either on stone or metal, probably exist, and may be expected to come to light whenever the really ancient sites shall be examined. However, Subandhu wanted to become a higher minister and grew jealous of Chanakya. Keshnak, elder son of Chandragupta is born and dies as a baby 320 B. Ajatasatru started his career of conquests by declaring war against his maternal uncle, Prasanjit, the king of Kosala. The high officers were divided into three viz.