By authority of the President, she established The Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army on March 11. During the Peninsula Campaign of 1862 she went down to the docks to meet the transports returning from the field, tending the wounded and helping to bring them to the hospitals. Barton opened a missing soldiers office in Washington D. Recognition by the War Department followed two months later. Clara Barton Posted on January 23, 2015 She refused to accept that women could only perform certain jobs and became the first woman to hold a job in the U. Clara Barton died in 1912, at the age of 90, at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland.
She was able to identify 22,000 of the missing men. She spent the day in several field hospitals, caring for the wounded and administering food and medicine to those who needed it most. Helping the Families of Soldiers: 1865 In 1865, Clara Barton created the Office of Correspondence with Friends of Missing Men in the U. In Un Souvenir de Solferino, he outlined a need for wartime relief societies. On July 18, she witnessed the horrendous attack on Fort Wagner, South Carolina by the African American soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts, one of the first official African American units in the war. In 1900, after several contentious attempts in the 1890s, the U. Clara Barton was unaware of this publication.
Patent Office and one of the first women to hold a government job, period. Patent Office as a clerk. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Wagner, South Carolina - Miss Barton helped to establish field hospitals and distributed supplies following the failed assaults. Arriving on August 13, she spent two days and nights tending the wounded. When an inquiry about a soldier was received, his name was added to the lists, which were organized by state and published in local newspapers, displayed in post offices, and reviewed by various organizations. She established a distribution agency after receiving additional supplies sent in response to an advertisement in the Worcester Spy.
She also met Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and provided supplies for wounded Rough Riders following skirmishes near Siboney Bay. Dorence Atwater wrote down all the men who died while he had been imprisoned himself. Miss Barton resumed her teaching career. The hope was that veterans seeing the list might recognize a name or two and provide Clara with information, which her organization would then provide to whoever had inquired about that soldier. With the help of the local school committee, Clara decided to open her own school in Bordentown.
Barton Creates American Red Cross: 1881 The American Red Cross was created on May 21, 1881. This is where Barton lived during and immediately after the Civil War, stored the supplies she received for her work on the battlefields, and later as an office to handle correspondence concerning missing soldiers. Since the doctors were too busy to keep medical records during battle, she wrote in her diary the names of the men who died at Chatham and where they were buried. She recorded some of her experiences there in her diary. Riot at Baltimore Clara Barton was working as a recording clerk in the U. Most people remember Clara Barton as the founder of the American Red Cross and an independent Civil War nurse.
Arriving on the field with four wagons before the began, she provided surgeons with badly needed supplies and stayed with the army as it pursued the Confederates into Virginia. Congress granted the American Red Cross a charter, making the independent, non-profit organization responsible for fulfilling the provisions of the Geneva Conventions, providing family and other support to the U. While in Europe she learned of and worked with the Red Cross. On April 19, 1861, a mob of Southern sympathizers attacked soldiers from the 6th Massachusetts Regiment in Baltimore. The International Committee of the Red Cross was established. Clara Barton in 1902 The American Red Cross In the 1870s, Barton continued her work of caring for others. Clara Barton became the president of the association.
Originally published on the Civil War Women blog at. In late 1861, she went home to North Oxford to tend her dying father, returning to Washington in March,1862 with renewed conviction to help her country win the war. She is believed to be the first woman to hold a job in the U. Fall of 1881 The Red Cross' first mission In late 1881, Michigan was ravaged by forest fires. June 23, 1864 Miss Barton is placed in charge of diet and nursing at a X Corps hospital near Point of Rocks, Virginia, appointed by Army of the James Commander Major General Benjamin F. Get inside articles from the world's premier publisher of history magazines. She also testified about the freed slaves, many of whom had not been told of their freedom, and her observations of the whites in Georgia.
Recognition by the War Department followed two months later. In February 1866 she testified before Congress about the Andersonville prison grounds, which still stood, a stockade with no running water or shelter. For the rest of the war, Barton continued her work of caring for the wounded. Her legend of helping the wounded and finding the missing has lived on with the American Red Cross. June 1864 Fredericksburg continued to be an important hospital and logistical center for the Union Army, as wounded poured in from the overland campaigns advancing upon Richmond. It provided relief during many other natural disasters and epidemics in the U. Her job was to locate missing soldiers and respond to inquiries from the grieving friends and relatives of these lost men.
Barton realized soon after the war began that the War Department was not prepared to deal with the human trauma of the battlefield. She was okay, but the bullet killed the soldier she was working on. The Red Cross stepped in and rebuilt 50 homes. In 1866, Clara began a lecture tour throughout the Northeast and Midwest, describing her Civil War experiences. The following October, she returned to the United States, though she did not make a full recovery until 1876 after going to a sanitarium in Dansville, New York, where she then made her home. By 1868 the had identified more than 22,000 missing soldiers, but many more remained unaccounted for.
In 1905, she established the National First Aid Association of America, which emphasized basic first aid instruction and emergency preparedness, and served as honorary president for five years. After one year she left. While there, Clara took private lessons in French and worked on writing. When a hurricane and tidal wave struck in Galveston, Texas, over 6,000 people died. As both the Union and Confederate armies grew larger and larger, many began to realize that the war would exact a terrible price on the nation. As wounded men were brought into the house, she comforted soldiers from both sides.