The new French Constitution of 1791 makes many reforms or changes to the way the government operates. Scroll down for a printable version. What was the Tennis Court Oath? After the Revolution all offices were open to those with the most talent. For one thing, the national debt was quite large in the years before the French Revolution. A group of moderate minded men seized power and ruled from 1795 to 1799 under a new government called the Directory. They recommended financial reforms: a published national budget, the abolition of the sale of government offices, and an end to tax farming.
Short-term causes of the French Revolution a. He inherited a power struggle between the crown and the parlements. . The National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. He was then exiled for life to another island further away in the South Atlantic Ocean St. What were émigrés, and why did French revolutionaries view them as a threat? Before they would give their sanction to new taxes, they wanted the king to publish an annual budget and to agree to a permanent commission of auditors. Which estate took the Tennis Court Oath and what was it? Queen Marie Antoinette : lived a life of great pleasure and extravagance.
Charles de Calonne Finally, in the early 1780s, France realized that it had to address the problem, and fast. Bastille Eiffel Tower Tuileries Palace Versailles Palace Click me to change the background color! In 1780, they landed a 5,000-man army in Rhode Island. Opposition to the new government a. Women could inherit property, but only because doing so weakened feudalism and reduced wealth among the upper classes ii. He had to call on the Estates- General to help fix some problems, but his reforms failed. Such was the power of liberal and federalist ideas in France that Calonne summoned the Physiocrat Dupont de Nemours, a former Turgot associate, to advise him.
All power was put into the hands of the Directory. . The contributors bring together a nice mix of perspectives and subjects and show impressive mastery over the relevant scholarship. Ruled by elected governors b. A republic is a government in which the people elect representatives who will create laws and rule on their behalf ii. Well first the frenchrevolution is a rebellion of French people against their king in 1789.
All laws were created by the Legislative Assembly iii. Adopted the metric system b. No one can question someone put in power by God vi. Parisians organized their own government which they called the Commune iii. In France, people were divided into three estates i. Declaration of the Rights of Man a. This time the nobility erred.
First Second Third fourth Name the king and queen of France during this time. They bound the French peasantry into compromising feudal obligations and refused to contribute any tax revenue to the French government. Financial ministers Turgot, Necker, Calonne proposed changes 1. No matter how one crunches the numbers, a crisis is looming, and Americans are bound to see their standard of living fall and their global empire collapse. The Revolution literally threw off the monarchy and embraced the notion of a Republic. Deficit spending—a government spending more money than it takes in from tax revenues e.
The Third Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly b. This action caused the beginning of the Revolution 4. It was a fiscal and credit crisis that weakened the authority and confidence of the monarchy so much that it thought it had to convene a defunct political assembly before it had safely carried out a successful program of liberal constitutional and free market reform. . By 1788, debt service alone would absorb fifty percent of annual revenue.
Inspired troops as they were led into battle c. Civil Constitution of the Clergy Declaration of the Rights of Man Napoleonic Code National Assembly Which of the following was not a change under the National Assembly? Necker was neither a financial profligate nor an ultra royalist. . Traditional lists of grievances written by the people ii. Representatives from the Third Estate demanded that voting be done by population i.
The king recalled the Parlement and withdrew the lits de justice. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. It was a grievous error, but typical of the vacillating mind of the king and the intellectual fetters of an absolutist political tradition. International power politics and considerations of national prestige took precedence over domestic reform, and the king dismissed him in May 1776. A Tale of Two Revolutions: International Capital Flows 1789-1819. The Duke of Orleans ruled as regent until 1723 and restored vast amounts of power to the parlements, the high courts in France, in an attempt to please the nobles. Long- and short-term causes a.
A lack of critical debate about royal policy in the political court order and poor representation of the commercial class had combined with a prolific up swell in philosophical theory, dominated by Voltaire and Rousseau. Many nobles left France and became known as émigrés g. These troops were led by General Carnot ii. In order to institute the changes prior to the French Revolution, Calonne organized a conference so that he could announce the dire financial state of France to the assembly. Short-term cause s : The person fails to show up for work and does not call the employer d. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. Classes of people—privileged and unprivileged i.