Short Note:Zero Based Budgeting 2014 Good Governance 1. Influences depends upon the policy positions they hold, the length of their government service, their connections with top elected officials, their own personalities, their support from outside groups, the immediate tasks at hand, and whether these lend themselves to imminent solutions. Any situation in which living organisms and their relationship to their environment and … each other is being studied could be considered ecology. Explain the principle of scientific management propounded by him. How can we reconcile the conflict between political and administrative leadership? The term public administration which is composed of two words namely: public and administration.
Discuss various styles of leadership? Riggs wants to say that the structures of diffracted society have their fixed or manifest duties or functions and, naturally, there is no scope of overlapping. But to us the students of pa or cpa the public administration cannot be separated from development. Our point is that development administration in recent years, has drawn attention of many luminaries. It has been urged that an equilibrium is to be set up between development projects to be constructed and ecological balance. The first objective of planning is to restructure the public administration. Proven ability to excel in chaotic stations while maintaining composure and a sense of humor. How can it be made instrumental for good governance in Pakistan? They are to some extent like interest groups.
Subramaniam in his article Administration in the Eighties has uttered a note of caution. Infrastructure is a wide term. Explain the concept of Good Governance. Intergovernmental Activism -Increased governmental help was welcomed by state and local governments. Ecological approach to public administration thus includes elements of the environment - the place, the individuals, the physical and social technology as well as the relationships of these elements. Discuss how an integrated approach to various schools of thought of management can be applied, by the present day administrators, for the success of their organizations? In this regard it must take judicious decision and proceed cautiously.
Business Administration, on the contrary is not subject to political direction except in times of emergency. The developing nations miserably suffer from good administrative structure which hindered the utilisation of growth materials. Explain the basic theme and theoretical bases of the 'New Public Management'. If the societies are functionally specific they are called diffracted. Critically analyze the working of public corporation in Pakistan 1993 2. ·Rules for an interviewer 1. But in between agraria and industria there is a stage which may be called transitia and it is a very important stage.
Entrance into an office, including one in the private economy, is considered an acceptance of a specific obligation of faithful management in return for a secure existence. Bureaucracies have been replaced by a market system. By doing a complete overhaul of the entire institutional system, institutions will indeed obtain the capabilities such that they can adopt some progressive values important with regard to the governance of people. The reason administration has come into context only now is because now there appears to be trouble in it, the big constitutional questions on the right of government have been answered for now. The Civil War thrust the problem of administration on us. Communication is not a universal remedy.
Public administration is a broad ranging and amorphous mix of theory and practice. Technical Advantages of Bureaucratic Organization I. Yet plenty of superintendents have found a means to keep these decisions in perspective. What style of leader you prefer? Explain the meaning of Ecology. Define Public Administration and discuss its nature and scope. Selected majorongoing concerns of public administration which includereorganization, decentralization and corruption in the Philippines are also considered. Herbert Kaufman: Whit House has feared agency independence more than agency paralysis Regulations define job for agencies.
Bureaucratic authority has guidelines that make the activities, authority, duties taken out in a fixed manner. Very few serve repeated spells in government; few work for more than one administration. No one agency, no matter how efficient can control a truly diverse set of tasks. Select an approach to the study of leadership and examine its suitability to deal with the middle level management problems In Pakistan 1995 3. Effective and wise administration is the central prerequisite for survival of government and society 6. Compare the Executive Leadership in Pakistan with its political leadership. Describe the scope of personnel administration with special reference to aristocratic system of personnel administration.
Define Public Administration and discuss its nature and scope. On the other hand, the fused type of societies have fixed only one set of structures and, naturally, there is no scope of overlapping, that is one cannot interfere with the other. He says that while analysing the role of public administration in the sphere of development the entire issue must be viewed not through Western eyes because the states of Europe and America have already reached a mature stage of economic development and the concept of management or public administration has assumed different shape and dimension. In deed, Richard Box supports change in the public sector institutions. But without direct and effective role of public administration, development can never be successful. He observed that almost all the researchers were comparing the administrative structures of both developed and developing states and did not bring the influence of environment into consideration. He will judge all the possible outcomes of policy and, after prolonged attempts, he will finally take a decision.
The administrator then chooses the best alternative that maximizes the number of aspects met. Superintendents must handle four types of personnel decisions that typically can cause elevated stress: teacher nonrenewals, classified and nonclassified employee dismissals, administrative changes and coaching changes in football and basketball. Ecology, in Public Administration, is a significant tool for directing, comprehending and modulating shocks of change, in the current dynamic world. By contrast, the behavior of business organization and the activities of business administration are subject to less legal constrains. Top-down theorists desire to measure success in terms of specific outcomes tied directly to the statues that are the source of a program. In the public sector, procedure and rules stand in the way of action and results.