His triumphs will be measured against this smallness, his defeats will substantiate it. Families -- Family processes -- Interactions in the family system -- Cognition and emotion in family processes -- Multiple developmental trajectories -- Domain-specific socialization -- Sociocultural and historical changes -- Parenting -- Adapting parenting to developmental changes in children -- Parents as managers of children's lives -- Parenting styles and discipline -- Siblings -- Sibling relationships -- Birth order -- The changing family in a changing social world -- Working parents -- Children in divorced families -- Stepfamilies -- Gay and lesbian parents -- Cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic variations in families -- 15. Establishing satisfactory living quarters 7. I depended on my parents to provide me with reliability, care, and affection. This also is a very social developmental stage. The accuracy of these recollections is unknown, and cannot be proved Santrock, 2008, p. Despair Definition: In this stage generativity refers to the adult 's ability to care for another person.
Learning an appropriate sex role 4. Prenatal development and birth -- Teratology and hazards to prenatal developmental -- Prenatal care -- Normal prenatal development -- The birth process -- From waterbirth to music therapy -- Assessing the newborn -- Preterm and low birth weight infants -- The postpartum period -- 4. A theory deriving from Freud's view that the preschool child develops a sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent, by approximately 5 or 6 years of age renounces this attraction because of anxious feelings, and subsequently identifies with the same-sex parent, unconsciously adopting the same-sex parent's characteristics. I realize looking back to my adolescence years I have hit these stages and remember dealing with these problems. Piaget's second stage, lasting from about 2 to 7 years of age, during which children begin to represent the world with words, images, and drawings, and symbolic thought goes beyond simple connections of sensory information and physical action; stable concepts are formed, mental reasoning emerges, egocentrism is present, and magical beliefs are constructed. Late Adulthood 60s and above - It is time for adjustment to decreasing strength and health.
This pressures him emotionally as he looks down on himself when he compares himself and his classmates around him, who can go out and enjoy their lives. If infants and toddlers are restrained too much or punished too harshly, they are likely to develop a sense of shame and doubt. Does a developmental task in a higher level require accomplishment of the lower level developmental tasks? Cover up with an object to symbolize each period or stage of development b. Development is influenced by nature or nurture and its affect will occur throughout lifespan. Do the pictures suggest the respective developmental stages? The continuing level of stress during maternal will release big amounts of chemical level that can harm the baby. Developing fundamental skills in reading, writing and calculating 5.
Santrock, 2008,16 The third stage, Initiative vs. Adolscence is middle and the late childhood stage. Ego Development Outcome: Industry vs. Information processing -- Information-processing approach to development -- Cognitive resources : capacity and speed of processing information -- Mechanisms of change -- Comparisons with Piaget's theory -- Attention -- Memory -- Culture and children's memory -- Thinking -- Metacognition -- The Child's Theory of Mind -- 8. Building a wholesome attitude toward oneself 2.
Similar to Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. They start to assert their sense of independence or autonomy. These reflect the biological, cognitive and psychosocial changes that occur during a person's lifetime, from birth through old age. Life-span human development 5th ed. In the adolescence phase, from 10 to 20 years, thoughts are more abstract, scientific and idealistic. This all also allows doctors and parents to possibly diagnosis a possible mental abnormality or learning disability.
His theory includes nine stages all together. . We learn that life is lived forward but understood backward. It is posited to last from ages 12 to 18, and the basic conflict inherent in the adolescent stage, which the person must resolve, is between identity and role confusion. As children get older, they learn how to bond with others in school and become more involved with sports and learning how to be in a group setting. Erikson 1963 divided the life cycle of an individual into developmental stages Meyer et al. We slept, occasionally smiled, although the meaning of our smiles entire clear.
During this paper, I will break down each stage into more depth and give a teaching tool for children in that age group and developmental stage to help them better understand the concept of time and explain why it would be helpful for the child. All aspects of a child's development may be affected by many different factors, including a poor learning environment, lack of social interaction, cultural background differences, abuse, and loss of a parent. The self and identity -- Self-understanding and understanding others -- Self-esteem and self-concept -- Assessment -- Developmental changes -- Identity -- Erikson's view -- social contexts -- 12. Biological beginnings -- The evolutionary perspective -- Natural selection and adaptive behavior -- Evolutionary psychology -- Genetic foundations of development -- The collaborative gene -- Genes and chromosomes -- Genetic principles -- Chromosomal and gene-linked abnormalities -- Reproductive challenges and choices -- Prenatal diagnostic tests -- Infertility and reproductive technology -- Adoption -- Heredity and environment interaction : the nature-nurture debate -- Behavior genetics -- Heredity-environment correlations -- Shared and nonshared environmental experiences -- The epigenetic view and gene x environment -- G X E interaction -- 3. Discussed further is the participation of a team sport focusing on the.
An example of this is learning how to walk for infants. The first stage, which occurs during the first year of life, is labeled as trust versus mistrust. This paper helped me realize that there was such a model to develop developmental stages. Infancy from birth to 18-24 months - a time of extreme dependence on adults. The outcome of our… 1963 Words 8 Pages Mr.
Adolescence 10-12 years of age ending up to 18-22 years of age - Begins with rapid physical changes- dramatic gains in height and weight, changes in body contour, and the development of sexual characteristics such as enlargement of the breasts, development of pubic and facial hair, and deepening of the voice. What happens when the expected developmental task are not achieved at the corresponding developmental stage? Although many theorists are responsible for contributing to the Developmental Tasks Theory, it was Robert J. Preparing for marriage and family life 5. Early Childhood 3 to 5 years In Early childhood, our greatest untold poem was being only four years old. Term Stability-change Definition involves the degree to which we become older renditions of our early experience or whether we develop into someone different from whom we were at an earlier point in development Term Continuity-discontinuity Definition focuses on the extent to which development involves gradual, cumulative change or distinct stages Term Theory Definition an interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps to explain and make predictions Term Hypotheses Definition specific assumptions and predictions that can be tested to determine their accuracy Term Psychoanalytic theory Definition describes development as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion Term Erikson's theory Definition includes eight stages of human development; each stage consists of a unique developmental task that confronts individuals with a crisis that must be resolved. Developing conscience,m orality, and a scale of values 7. As we go on through life our personality is consistently changing according to what stage we are in and what we are trying to accomplish at that stage.
The peer statuses for Jin Sheng vary from his classmates between his church cell group friends. One such task would be preparing oneself for an occupation. Here one also is able to adapt to everything that is happening to him physically, emotionally even socially. In the fifth stage, Erikson describes that during the ages 13-18, most teens are transitioning to young adults and this is the stage in human development where they are… 1434 Words 6 Pages social stages a person must go through as they mature. If the emotional support during pregnancy is not given than it could cause harm to the mother and her baby.