It is systematic physical movement of material. Five Major Types Of Materials Handling Methods: Movement - involves the actual transportation or transfer of material from one point to the next. Inventories represent those items, which are either stocked for sale or they are in the process of manufacturing or they are in the form of materials, which are yet to be utilized. From the definition it is clear that the scope of materials management is vast. Loss of flexibility: A mechanical system is generally designed for a particular size, shape, volume and for a particular sequence of operation and hence it is difficult to change, and require additional cost for modification for likely range of changes in the product or production techniques. Material Flow Principle: Material flow pattern must be determined by operation sequence and pattern of equipment arrangement. Material handling systems also have consequences that may be distinctly negative.
Economic or Cost Factors to be Considered: i Initial cost of the equipment required. In early days man was physically handling the material, however over a period of years he has started applying mechanical principles like lever, wheel, pulley etc. Materials handling equipment does not come under the production machinery but is an auxiliary equipment which can improve the flow of materials which in turn shall reduce the stoppages in production machines and thus increases their production. In contrast, demand for components used to manufacture end items depend on the demands for the end items. A stack truck can be used to stack items, while a non-stack truck is typically used for transportation and not for loading. Some of the disadvantages are: 1. Relationship with Other Departments 9.
From the time, the input material or raw materials enter the industrial unit and go out of the unit in the form of finished products, these are handled at all stages in between, no matter, on the shop floor or in the stores. At this stage research and development no longer make positive contributions in terms of improving the efficiency of the functions of the product or adding new functions to it. Material Handling has the responsibility of being sure that each location continually receives the correct quantity of parts. Alternative systems should then be evaluated from all angles including financial, physical, safety, acceptance by the management and operators, and its effects on working, safety and overall environment. Loading and transportation to the plant. Steps in Analysing Materials Handling Problems 7.
It is in fact, the technique of getting the right goods safely, to the right place, at the right time and at the right cost. Optimize every process in your facility When one area of your facility is lagging, it effects the entire process. . Objectives of Material Handling : The common hand shovel and the baskets were the only material handling tools, until some years ago, but now due to increasing demand for sophisticated handling equipment, material handling system has been revolutionized all over the world. Engineering and Economic Considerations 5.
The scope of this term can include both small, hand-operated devices, and large-scale motorized vehicles. A store plays a vital role in the operations of a company. Such information for various items moved should include identification, picks point and destination point in order to improve the efficiency of the system. Objectives of Materials Handling : As we know that with the rise of factory system, men continued to develop handling equipment to perform jobs where human or animal muscles were insufficient in either capacity or speed. It has been estimated that average material handling cost is roughly 20 to 60% of the total production cost and the ratio between the weight of handled material to produce an item and the weight of the finished item may vary between 40 to 50.
Not only cost, majority of production time is also consumed in handling materials before, during and after the manufacture. The materials and containers are known as unit load. This is also a key decision for the materials management department and aides in the selection of vendors such that the items can be purchased at reduced prices. Economic Factors: The cost of material handling equipment, operating costs, repair and maintenance costs, taxes, insurance and depreciation costs are considered for economic analysis. Article shared by : After reading this article you will learn about:- 1.
Plant Engineering: a Plant construction, b House keeping, c Repair and maintenance, d Safety and security, e Facility design, and f Utilities. Pinpoint the areas of plant layout to be covered by the study. Safety Principle: Safe handling methods and equipment for better working conditions and to avoid unsafe conditions. Relationship between Material Handling and Plant Layout: Material handling and plant layout are closely interrelated, and a reciprocal relationship exists between the two. This enables high morale and lower workers turnover. Predicting the future demand of sales helps in the planning of materials supply. Since larger the load, lesser will be the cost per unit handled.
Standardisation Principle: Standardise equipment as well as methods. It may relate to a product, process or a service. By analyzing the goals of the material handling process and aligning them to guidelines, such as the , a properly designed system will improve customer service, reduce inventory, shorten delivery time, and lower overall handling costs in manufacturing, distribution and transportation. Storage space, both active and dormant, is a major consideration in any building as space costs money. Materials handling also occur during preparation for shipment, transportation may be by sea, air or land, and moving material in and out of carriers. Meaning of Material Handling 2. Reduce damage due to materials handling and thus saves expenditure due to scrap and rework.