Further Reading on Lewis Madison Terman Biographical Memoirs National Academy of Sciences, 1959 gives an excellent and comprehensive account of Terman's life and work. Terman was born on a farm in Johnson County, Indiana, on January 15, 1877. After that he taught for a year in a one-room rural school to obtain the money to return to Danville to earn a B. Journal of Educational Psychology, 19, 3363-373. Terman's studies undoubtedly are still the most recognized and frequently quoted research on the gifted.
He died December 21, 1956. Legacy Terman's Stanford-Binet test has enjoyed wide popularity. He was the 12th of 14 children. Work Terman believed that was inherited and was the strongest predictor of one's ultimate success in life. Lewis Madison Terman 1877 — 1956 On January 15, 1877, American psychologist Lewis Madison Terman was born.
Stanford University has an endowed professorship in his honor. He advocated for support and guidance for kids identified as gifted in order to nurture their talents and abilities. Published in 1916 as the Stanford-Binet, the revision of the French intelligence test was the first important and widely used individual intelligence test in the United States. His longitudinal studies inspired numerous researchers of giftedness to follow in his steps. He translated the Binet test of intelligence into English, set new age norms and standardized the scores. Profesor de psicología en la universidad de Stanford, introdujo el test Stanford-Binet y los tests de inteligencia de Grupo de Terman en el ejército de los Estados Unidos. Do you know something we don't? Most of the supposed causes of marital happiness and unhappiness turned out to be invalid.
Additional Biography Sources Minton, Henry L. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant. When he was 15 he left the farm to enter Central Normal College at Danville, Illinois. Lewis Madison Terman Psicólogo estadounidense Nació el 15 de enero de 1877 en Johnson County, Indiana. There was also his constant correspondence with his gifted children and his interest in their children and grandchildren. Volume 15 of National Academy of Sciences, Memoirs. He is best known as the creator of the Stanford-Binet , based on the work of and Theodore Simon.
Following two years of study there, he taught for one year in a one-room schoolhouse. The first wide-scale use of Terman's test occurred during the First World War, where the test was adapted and combined with other assessments to form the Army alpha text-based and Alpha beta picture-based tests. Terman's research on , although flawed, succeeded in making people believe it was a good thing to be smart. The comparison seemed to confirm his thesis. The army also devised special group tests for assessing mental ability en masse, and Terman was called upon to help with this phase of the work.
The spread for each sex was enormous, but the overlap of the two sexes was negligible. Unfortunately, however, the award came too late, for Terman died at Stanford on December 21, 1956. The second volume of the Studies 1926 was designed as a control for the first. Sex and Personality: Studies in Masculinity and Femininity. Further, Terman became a leader in the development of group achievement tests, which assessed school learning. The test was used as the Army Alpha and Army Beta tests, which helped classify recruits. The great conspiracy, or the impulse imperious of intelligence testers, psychoanalyzed and exposed by Mr.
Terman looked for an appointment in a southern climate and presently chose one at , California. Determined to show that highly intelligent children, like Terman himself, were not sickly social misfits but were the future leaders of society: Terman became mentor, confidant, guidance counselor, and sometimes guardian angel, intervening on their behalf. While he later backed down from this staunch position in his later life, he never formally renounced the beliefs he had advocated for so long. Note Lewis Madison Terman was a professor of psychology at Stanford from 1916 to 1956 emeritus 1942-1956. Sex and Personality; Studies in Masculinity and Femininity. He used such scales to address research issues such as the development of masculinity and femininity over time, links between the degrees of masculinity or femininity and various occupations, and factors contributing to marital happiness. One other finding was that happiness is not necessarily dispensed to pairs, for an unhappy person may have a happy spouse.
Anagrams, blanks in stories, and reading aloud to demonstrate language mastery, 5. Among Terman's most interesting findings from his study of the development of gifted children were that they tended to be healthier and more stable emotionally than the average child and that intellect and later life achievement were not highly related—the gifted children later pursued a wide range of occupations. Lewis Terman played an important role in the early development of educational psychology and his intelligence test became one of the most widely used psychological assessments in the world. He devised measurements, often by inventing and standardizing tests, used the procedures in the problem of his immediate concern, and reported the facts clearly and interestingly but with little theoretical elaboration. Terman found, among other things, that the gifted were taller, healthier, physically better developed, superior in leadership and social adaptability, dispelling the often held contrary opinion. In 1905, Terman moved to the more Southern California with his wife, Anna, and their two small children, Fred and Helen. His last progress report on this continuing study was The Gifted Child Grows Up 1947.
Volume 2, pages 297-331 in A History of Psychology in Autobiography. As he began his work he had another hemorrhage, but after resting briefly he returned to work. Su trabajo más importante y conocido es el realizado con niños superdotados. Next he borrowed money and kept on for the classical degree, an A. Volume 2: The Early Mental Traits of Three Hundred Geniuses, 1926, by C. Volume 3, pages 478-481 in Psychological Register. His son, Frederick Terman, continued in the same steps.
Testing options included Army alpha, a text-based test, and Army beta, a picture-based test for nonreaders. He thus saw as the means to identify the potential leaders of society. Their dullness seems to be racial, or at least inherent in the family stocks from which they come. Revisions mostly recently the fifth of the Stanford-Binet remain in widespread use as a measure of general intelligence for both adults and for children. Lindley, who became his chief mentor. After the war, Terman applied the same method in classification to school-children. A little boy is much more masculine than a little girl, and so it is also for both male and female sophomores.