To aggravate matters, many people were hungry, which was one of the causes of the French Revolution. This point is supported by William Doyle, in Origins of the French Revolution. The First Estate consisted of religious leaders and clergy, and accounted for 0. By the time of the American victory in 1783, France had spent an additional 1. The French Revolution had many long term and short term causes and effects, and was one of the most violent periods in the history of the country.
The king controlled all the expenditures in the state. There were many things that made life in French society unpleasant for the majority. Not a tyrant king thousands of miles away. But the French Monarch, influenced by the clergies and nobles, ranked them as the Third Estate. His first argument is that during the four years of the revolution there was more food for peasants then ever before, he then goes on to discus how important and influential the revolution was on driving other European nations to democratize.
He said that those who make laws should not administer them because they would be tempted to make oppressive laws for their benefit. France was the heart of the movement. The First and Second Estate were filled with many high class and church members. The following the advice of Necker, the king summoned the assembly whose meeting was scheduled for May 1789 prior to the meetings; the representation of the various states had been asked to collect cahiers lists of grievances from the people they represented. They also had to pay capitation tax. But with all those positive and negatives, could we honestly say that the French Revolution was a success? Their goals were to expose and destroy. There were many causes that led to the French Revolution, but the primary cause was the social structure and others were maladministration, financial disorder, enlightenments, and interference in the American war of independence and poverty.
The political inequality of the three estates played a huge part in the disruption. The defiance of the 3rd estate representatives towards the orders of the king marked the beginning of the revolution other factors. The —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as , and , but they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters. Article shared by : Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes! The effects of the French Revolution were widespread, both inside and outside of France, and impacted all of Europe. Thus, the autrocratic monarchy, defective administration, extravagant expenditure formed the political cause of the French Revolution. He attacked the church and aristocracy, and advocated freedom of religion, freedom of expression and separation of church. Voltaire expressed his revolutionary ideas through numerous poetry, plays, historical works and philosophical works.
They managed the churches, monasteries and educational institutions of France. It will explain events that leaded up to the revolution and how they occured and caused the great revolution to happen. Prior to the Revolution, French citizens lived under the rule of oppressive regimes and rulers. The ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers brought new views of government and society. Bitter from losing most of their colonial empire, France immediately began an expensive project of improving the army and rebuilding the navy. There were many factors that contributed to the spark of the revolution. American Revolutionary War, Ancien Régime, Economic inequality 991 Words 3 Pages Assignment I: Causes of the French Revolution There was not one single decisive reason that was unequivocally responsible for the French Revolution.
They comprised of teaches, traders, industrialists, merchants etc. What were major events that took place during it? The French Revolution brought social reform to France by establishing and strengthening the middle class and influencing politics around the world, including the United States. He was inconsistent in his policies; sometimes he would allow reforms and later cancel them if the nobility and his wife protested. The French Revolution was spread over the ten-year period between 1789 and 1799. Did the radicals come to common ground? After two months of bitter debate, the king ordered delegates locked out of the meeting hall.
Would we have eventually turned to a charismatic ambitious leader like Napoleon? The inequalities and inefficiencies seen in the ancient regime contributed to the French Revolution. This negative connotation of the Revolution resides in the minds of the French and people all around the world. Social structure Primary cause of the French Revolution was social structure. One of the consequences of this was that there was no adequate financial control. Through a series of stages, citizens gained a better quality of life and more freedom; inspired by changes during the French Revolution, oppressed peoples in nations around the world, including Latin America and Russia, soon followed suit. There were three main causes of the French Revolution:.
They attacked the corruption in government despotism etc. Economic Cause: The economic condition of France formed another cause for the outbreak of the French Revolution. The influence of the queen on the King was so strong that Mirabeau commented by 1789, the king had only one man around him, his wife. The Catholic Church sided with the Aristocracy, and upper class, and The French Huegonauts. The Gabelle or salt tax had to be paid by everybody above 8 years of age. The propaganda of the philosophes. He said that the relationship between the government and the people is like a social contract where the government had two fulfill certain obligations towards the citizens and if it failed to fulfill them, it deserved to be overthrown.
They had to pay the tailed which was the tax on land. At least two of the underlying causes of the French Revolution directly involved money. In the face of a changing world, the old order succumbed to its own rigidity, falling to the ambitions of a rising bourgeoisie. It was only because conditions were very hard that the massive listened to the interpretations of the writings of the philosophers given by the Bourgeoisies, that they decided to rebel against the king and his government in order to establish a new order. He did not have the necessary will to carry out reform which was unpopular to the nobility for example he dismissed Necker and Turgot when they tried to carry out tax reforms and to cut down the privileges of the nobility. The Gabelle or salt tax had to be paid by everybody above 8 years of age.