Notes on the state of virginia. Notes on the State of Virginia (1785) 2019-01-08

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Notes on the State of Virginia, Query XVIII: Manners

notes on the state of virginia

The middle one is now alive in health, and has issue, as the eldest had, by a black man, which issue was black. I believe there are, as I see to be the case in the races of other animals. He is tall of stature, and now advanced in years. Instances are mentioned of like animal remains found in the more southern climates of both hemispheres; but they are either so loosely mentioned as to leave a doubt of the fact, so inaccurately described as not to authorize the classing them with the great northern bones, or so rare as to found a suspicion that they have been carried thither as curiosities from more northern regions. It is the uniform effect of one and the same cause, whether acting on this or that side of the globe. Their navigation may be imperfectly noted. Its breadth at top is not sensibly greater than at bottom.

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Notes on the State of Virginia (Book, 1999) [vandgrift.com]

notes on the state of virginia

This river crosses the southern boundary of Virginia, 58 miles from the Missisipi. In Connecticut and Rhode-Island, where the climate is favourable to the production of grass, bullocks have been slaughtered which weighed 2500, 2200, and 2100 lb. It is 280 yards wide at its mouth. Perhaps its northern branch, called Junius's creek, which interlocks with the western of Monongahela, may one day admit a shorter passage from the latter into the Ohio. Rittenhouse's model of the planetary system has the plagiary appellation of an Orrery; and the quadrant invented by Godfrey, an American also, and with the aid of which the European nations traverse the globe, is called Hadley's quadrant. His subjects should often have led him to a process of sober reasoning: yet we find him always substituting sentiment for demonstration.

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Notes on the State of Virginia

notes on the state of virginia

The road from New Orleans to Mexico crosses this river at the post of Rio Norte, 800 miles below Santa Fe: and from this post to New Orleans is about 1200 miles; thus making 2000 miles between Santa Fe and New Orleans, passing down the North river, Red river and Missisipi; whereas it is 2230 through the Missouri and Missisipi. Don Ulloa inclines to the opinion, that this channel has been affected by the wearing of the water which runs through it, rather than that the mountain should have been broken open by any convulsion of nature. Juglans alba, fructu minore rancido. That the palmated Elk is larger in America than Europe we are informed by Kalm, a Naturalist who visited the I. Jefferson should really know better; in fact, he does know better. The channel is from 150 to 200 fathom wide, and at common flood tide, affords 18 feet water to Norfolk.

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Notes on the State of Virginia

notes on the state of virginia

Of our fish and insects there has been nothing like a full description or collection. These must be the business of the visitors entrusted with its execution. In a thinly peopled country, the spontaneous productions of the forests and waste fields are sufficient to support indifferently the domestic animals of the farmer, with a very little aid from him in the severest and scarcest season. Yet Don Ulloa tells us, that on the other side there are always corresponding cavities, and that these tally with the prominences so perfectly, that, were the two sides to come together, they would fit in all their indentures, without leaving any void. Jefferson returned to his home not long afterward. Overall, Jefferson was arguing with the proposition of the French naturalist , who in his authoritative said that nature, plant life, animal life, and human life degenerate in the New World by contrast with their state in the Old World. Add to these, flowing hair, a more elegant symmetry of form, their own judgment in favour of the whites, declared by their preference of them, as uniformly as is the preference of the Oran-ootan for the black women over those of his own species.

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Equality: Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, Queries 14 AND 18, 137

notes on the state of virginia

This land carriage may be greatly shortened by delivering the lead on James river, above the Blue ridge, from whence a ton weight has been brought on two canoes. In truth, it is better to toss up cross and pile in a cause, than to refer it to a judge whose mind is warped by any motive whatever, in that particular case. York River, at York town, affords the best harbour in the state for vessels of the largest size. We hear of lime-stone on the Missisipi and Ohio, and in all the mountainous country between the eastern and western waters, not on the mountains themselves, but occupying the vallies between them. The grinders are five times as large, are square, and the grinding surface studded with four or five rows of blunt points: whereas those of the elephant are broad and thin, and their grinding surface flat. In this fact Pennant concurs with him.

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Thomas Jefferson Papers : Notes on the State of Virginia manuscript

notes on the state of virginia

Whatever be the cause of the disease in the skin, or in its colouring matter, which produces this change, it seems more incident to the female than male sex. I suppose this confined to the more Northern latitudes. Should this last, though possessing so nearly the characters of the elk, be found to be the same with the Cerf d'Ardennes or Brandhirtz of Germany, still there will remain the three species first enumerated. About three quarters of a mile from its source, it falls over a rock 200 feet into the valley below. Aitken quoted a cost of £48 to print it, but Jefferson did not pursue it then.

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Notes on the State of Virginia (Book, 1999) [vandgrift.com]

notes on the state of virginia

In the moment of their junction they rush together against the mountain, rend it asunder, and pass off to the sea. After entering this cave a few feet, the mercury, which in the open air was at 50° rose to 57° of Farenheit's thermometer, answering to 11° of Reaumur's, and it continued at that to the remotest parts of the cave. Such was my love for the whites, that my countrymen pointed as they passed, and said, 'Logan in the friend of white men. That those peculiar to the new, are on a smaller scale. From the 30th degree of South latitude to the 30th of North, are nearly the limits which nature has fixed for the existence and multiplication of the elephant known to us. But a more remarkable difference is in the winds which prevail in the different parts of the country.


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Enlightenment Influence: Racism in Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781

notes on the state of virginia

To make slaves distributable among the next of kin, as other moveables. At first, he seems to approach the differences between Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans as he does everything else: as a removed scientific observer taking lab notes on skin color, hair, body types etc. The portage from the Illinois river into a water of Michigan is of one mile only. Let us therefore try our question on more general ground. These differences are in the colour, length, and coarseness of the hair, and in the size, texture, and marks of the skin. She is freckled, her eye-sight so weak that she is obliged to wear a bonnet in the summer; but it is better in the night than day.


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