The power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate is free will. For every minute you are angry you lose sixty seconds of happiness. Again, it was his decision to run away from his problems as opposed to facing them head on, which was clearly a mistake on his part. Oedipus sent his brother-in-law, Kreon, to talk to the oracle at Delphi to learn on what to do. This essay will discuss how free will and destiny function in the two plays. Oedipus later on in his life became the King of Thebes, and the city was struck by a plague and needed a savor. Oedipus, greatest of men, has fallen, they say, and so all life is miserable, and only death can bring peace.
To him, many temples had been erected, some especially for the purpose of fortune-telling. Oedipus is the son of king Laius and queen Jocasta. Oedipus can answer the riddle of the Sphinx but could not make heads or tails of his true identity from the Oracles prediction. As Sophocles saw him — and as actors portrayed him — Oedipus displayed no personality or individuality beyond his role in the legend. This prophecy, as warned by the oracle of Apollo at Delphi was unconditional and inevitably would come to pass, no matter what he may have done to avoid it. In Oedipus the King and Macbeth, the eponymous characters hear their own prophecy. Oedipus' destruction was brought about by a combination of fate and free will.
Oedipus begins to fulfill the dreadful prophecy that he would murder his father and marry his mother at the three-way crossroads. Subsequently the child, Odeipus killed his the father, Laius fulfilling the prophecy of the Oracle. During the middle ages, peasants and serfs used the principle of Ockham 's Razor to conclude the Gods were at fault for inflicting bizarre events… Oedipus The King: Fate vs. His past actions were determined by fate, but what he did in Thebes, he did so of his own will. If with my knowledge he lives at my hearth, I pray that I myself may feel my curse.
The events in Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, show an underlying relationship of man's free will existing within the cosmic order or fate which the Greeks believed guided the universe in a harmonious purpose. Although he was a victim of fate, he was not controlled by it. Oedipus was destined from birth to someday marry his mother and to murder his father. In order to avoid their predestined fate, the main characters took every precaution to avoid their predetermined destinies. Fate Used in Irony We also see a third quote about fate in Oedipus Rex from King Oedipus himself. When he returned, Kreon announced that the oracle instructed the city to find the murderer of Laios, the king who ruled Thebes before Oedipus.
Hubris is the sinful pride as in Oedipus and it results in ate or self-infatuation and as a result you become blind in judgment and it leads to the faulty decisions and when this happens it leads to Nemesis which means destruction. Throughout history countless poem writers, authors and even directors have used a crossroad as a metaphor to represent an important decision or turning point in a characters life. Luckless Oedipus, whom of all men I envied not at all. On the other hand, Medea refuses to wait on the judgment of gods to fall on Jason by taking matters in her own hands. In this respect, Oedipus as a tragic hero does not meet the criterion.
He only see this truth after he has suffered. Without doubt, this was the doing of the Oracle because Tiresias, who is well-known for his intelligence could not solve the riddle, but a man like Oedipus who is not that intelligent could. As we have seen pity, cruelty, foresight and bravery have all been employed in trying to circumvent fate and have actually themselves woven into the web of fate. This quote by Napoleon Hill signifies that whatever we do or say will have an impact on the people around us. He acts badly, just because he doesn't like being accused of the killing of Theban King Laius.
The Greeks believed very strongly in fate, which can be defined as either a power beyond human control that determines events, or the outcome or end. Here every character tries o trick the fate but ultimately realizes that the fate cannot be tricked. So Oedipus's ignorance and cowardice causes his downfall and demise. The stylistic devices and the use of diverse character traits always made most of his artistic work thrilling. As the chorus at the conclusion of Antigone attests, the blows of Fate can gain us wisdom.
It is my personal belief that while we cannot change things that are out of our control, our destiny and fate are determined not only by our immediate actions, but by our reactions to situations as well. . But Oedipus was saved by divine intervention, and did indeed survive to finally kill his father. The chorus warns us of man's need to have reverence for the gods, and the dangers of too much pride. Oedipus maintains a pompous and arrogant personality throughout the play as he tries to keep control of the city of Thebes and prove the speculations about his fate as falsities. Long before the birth of Oedipus, it was announced from the Delphi that he would kill his father and marry his mother.
In other words, it is the rash and imprudent behavior of a person that hastens a dreadful end. Of his 120 plays, only 7 have survived. In the beginning of Oedipus Rex, Oedipus is a strong, noble king in search of justice for the slain former King Laios. Tiresias had many roles in the Oedipus play. The chorus chants about how in prosperity, he was envied by all men, he was honored highest above all honors, and how he won happiness by pride by slaughtering the Sphinx, and by trying to deceive the god's will.
For this he takes responsibility for his actions. The city is tragically on the surge of death. Words: 914 - Pages: 4. He asks that he be banished from Thebes. The people of that kingdom have heard that the king has been killed by some robbers. Sophocles in generally express concern through protagonist in Oedipus the King. Oedipus was destined from birth to someday marry his mother and to murder his father.