Page law of 1875. Page Act of 1875 : definition of Page Act of 1875 and synonyms of Page Act of 1875 (English) 2019-01-10

Page law of 1875 Rating: 9,5/10 675 reviews

Page Act of 1875 : definition of Page Act of 1875 and synonyms of Page Act of 1875 (English)

page law of 1875

See also: Alien Contract Labor Law of 1885; Bureau of Immigration, U. Furthermore, the polygamy and prostitution that the Chinese practiced made Congress believe that they were unfit for or assimilation. The 1924 amendments to the Chinese Exclusion Act also prevented citizens of other Asian nations from immigrating to the United States. Do you know that you are at liberty now to go to the United States, or remain in your own country, and that you cannot be forced to go away from your home? Most Chinese women that immigrated to the U. In 1882 alone, during the few months before the enactment of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the beginning of its enforcement, 39,579 Chinese entered the U. Have you engaged in prostitution in either of the above places? Most Chinese women that immigrated to the U.

Next

Page Act (United States) (1875) ยป Immigration to America

page law of 1875

Have you lived in a house of , Macao, or China? If women changed their answers to the questions, did not match their pictures, or had incomplete paperwork, they could be detained, and sent back to Hong Kong. Therefore, Chinese were unable to create families within the U. Chinese women had to demonstrate that they grew up in respectable families and that their husbands could afford to support them in the United States. Have you engaged in prostitution in either of the above places? Implementation The American consul in from 1875-1877, David H. Do you go to the United States for the purposes of prostitution? Implementation The American consul in from 1875โ€”1877, David H. Do you intend to live a virtuous life in the United States? The third section stated that any woman transported to the United States for the purpose of prostitution was forbidden and any contract made prior to the transportation would be voided and a fine and jail time sentenced. A record-number seven African-American Representatives carried debate in favor of the bill, offering personal accounts of discrimination on railroads and in restaurants.

Next

Chinese Exclusion Act โ€” AAPF

page law of 1875

Following his death two years later, Ng Fung Sing attempted to return to the United States and was prevented from doing so on the basis that she was no longer a citizen and was furthermore inadmissible as a result of her race. What is to be your occupation there? After her marriage, Ng Fung Sing moved to China to live with her husband. Do you wish of your own free and voluntary will to go to the United States? Grant called for curbs on two outgrowths of the Chinese immigration: forced labor and prostitution. Bailey, was put in charge of regulating which Chinese women were actual wives of laborers, allowed to travel to the United States, as opposed to prostitutes. Are you a virtuous woman? Text courtesy of Betty Yan.

Next

U.S. Immigration Legislation: 1875 Page Law

page law of 1875

In 1875, Congress passed the Page Law, which served to reduce immigration of women fromAsia. Male-laborers were central to the anti-Chinese movement, so one might expect lawmakers to focus on excluding men from immigration, but instead they concentrated on women in order to protect the rigid American system of monogamous marriages. While few observers expected the legislation to change the prevailing racial attitudes held by both Northern and Southern whites, the law aimed to protect African Americans from deprivation of the minimal rights of citizenship. In addition, the day before a ship sailed to America, Chinese women reported to the American consul for a series of questioning which included the following questions: Have you entered into contract or agreement with any person or persons whomsoever, for a term of service, within the United States for lewd and immoral purposes? These include the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the four Reconstruction Acts of 1867 and 1868, the three Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871, and the three adopted between 1865 and 1870. This act was the first comprehensive immigration law to deal with federal oversight and categories of exclusion. Upon their arrival in San Francisco, Colonel Bee, the American consul for the Chinese would observe the documents with photographs of each woman included and ask her the same questions she had heard in Hong Kong. In 1878, under the authority of American consul Sheldon Loring, 354 women arrived in the U.

Next

U.S. Immigration Legislation: 1875 Page Law

page law of 1875

University of California - Santa Barbara. Therefore, Chinese were unable to create families within the U. The sojourner mentality of the Chinese limited the number of wives that chose to immigrate as well as the financial cost of the trip; however, documents relating to the enforcement of the Page Act suggest that some women were able to overcome the barriers and join their husbands, but without this law the numbers might have been much higher. Immigration Immigration Dressed for a formal visit, Chinatown, San Francisco. Do you go to the United States for the purposes of prostitution? However, could already be found in discriminatory laws in 1852 that limited Chinese possibilities. Photographs were used as a means to identify the Chinese women through each stage of the examination process in order to ensure that unqualified women would not be substituted for a woman who was properly questioned at any point in time. The Page Act was the first piece of American legislation to attempt to directly regulate immigration.

Next

Immigration Act of 1882

page law of 1875

Chinese women had to demonstrate that they grew up in respectable families and that their husbands could afford to support them in the United States. As such, it would have enormous consequences for future immigration legislation. Are you a virtuous woman? Image courtesy of Moorland-Spingarn Research Center Before entering Congress in 1873, Representative James Rapier of Alabama worked as a newspaperman, a cotton planter, and as a state civil servant. The second section stated that any citizen of the United States whotried to transport any Chinese, Japanese or from any of the Asian countries without their consent would be punished with a fine and jail time. Without enough money to send for their wives, a prostitution industry developed in the male Chinese immigrant community and became a serious issue to Americans living in San Francisco. Some Chinese men had a wife as well as a concubine, usually a woman obtained through purchase and recognized as a legal member of the family.

Next

Page Act of 1875 explained

page law of 1875

They intended to make money in the United States and then return to their country, so even though more than half had wives and families, they stayed in China. Through the first century of American independence, immigration had been relatively open, with only occasional oversight and restrictions imposed by individual states. The immigration laws enacted from 1875 to 1910, in conjunction with the prevailing opinion that the European countries were encouraging their paupers and undesirables to emigrate, assumed that single women would become wards of the state or turn to prostitution in order to make a living. The , led by demagogue Denis Kearney led the push to have Chinese workers excluded from California. Male-laborers were central to the , so one might expect lawmakers to focus on excluding men from immigration, but instead they concentrated on women in order to protect the American system of monogamous marriages.

Next

Immigration Act of 1882

page law of 1875

Once on board the ship, the women were questioned again. Butler, both from , in the 41st United States Congress in 1870. In response, American mining laborers adopted xenophobic protectionist tactics to stem the perceived encroachment from Chinese workers. Photographs were used as a means to identify the Chinese women through each stage of the examination process in order to ensure that unqualified women would not be substituted for a woman who was properly questioned at any point in time. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Page Act of 1875 Sect. The specifics of the Immigration Act of 1882 had been altered; however, its focus on federal oversight and exclusion by categories had set the framework for immigration law for the following century.

Next

Immigration:Law Library of Congress

page law of 1875

In December 1874, President Ulysses S. Once on board the ship, the women were questioned again. In addition, the day before a ship sailed to America, Chinese women reported to the American consul for a series of questioning which included the following questions: Have you entered into contract or agreement with any person or persons whomsoever, for a term of service, within the United States for lewd and immoral purposes? Some Chinese men had a wife as well as a concubine, usually a woman obtained through purchase and recognized as a legal member of the family. In 1891, Congress established exclusive federal control over immigration through a superintendent of immigration, the forerunner of the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. Foreigners denied entry were returned to their starting points at the expense of the ship owners. Also, a list of the potential emigrants was sent to the British Colonial government in Hong Kong for investigation.

Next

Page Act of 1875

page law of 1875

The Law: First comprehensive immigration law enacted by the U. Even though these laws were passed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, some of the views they supported remained entrenched well into the late twentieth century. Although the Chinese were usually considered economic assets and good residents, their growing numbers alarmed many people living in the West. All ships were subject to inspection if there was any suspicion of illegal immigrants on board or any one that is annoying or disturbing. Overall immigration continued to increase, however, with the year 1882 seeing the largest number of immigrants in American history: 788,992 persons.


Next