In fact, India is a vibrant society with an increasingly vigorous internal dynamic and an increasing influence, directly and indirectly, in the world. The Government is taking more interest in matters of transfer and posting for government servants. If you have anything to add to our country profile please contact us as we are keen to ensure accuracy. The Mahasabha opened its branches in all the important centers of the state. A study of these factors is essential for an understanding of the political culture. Given this diversity, it is remarkable that India has remained and grown, and continues to grow, as one nation.
Over the years,except for aberrations here or there ,Democratic India has stood the test of time. They are willing to fight to the last Indian for the glory of Mother India as long as they themselves are not conscripted to do so and they can see, safely and comfortably in their drawing rooms, Indian nationalism unfolding the way a violent Bombay film unfolds on their television screens. When the two Indias mesh effectively, India is a success, as in the expansion of education, the reduction of illiteracy, the extension of the average lifespan, the introduction of some basic health care, the sustenance of a democratic political system. In such systems the values and attitudes internalized during the general socialization process are consistent with and reinforced by the attitudes and values stressed in the process of more explicitly political socialization; and the combined socialization processes tend in turn to support and reinforce the current political culture. In other societies distrust of contemporary political institutions and personages is preceded by an earlier socialization process which instills a sense of fundamental distrust and suspicion, with the result that people have little faith in reformist solutions and feel that political improvement requires cataclysmic changes. In a few political cultures the process of legitimizing power proceeds in the opposite direction, so that legitimacy is conferred only upon those who can and do act decisively and effectively. While each country needs dignity before others, many ask why such a poverty-ridden country should invest massive amounts in nuclear devices and why it persecutes a Christian religious minority that has made bold attempts to empower the poor of India.
There were two different types of tribal movements during the colonial period which greatly helped in raising the political consciousness of the people. This type of political culture requires two things of the I citizens: rationality and active participation in political affairs. Sections of the Scottish and Welsh populations have called for independence. A recent example of this is the case of Stanford swimmer Brock Turner who was convicted of raping an unconscious woman behind a dumpster in January of 2015. But they do so without supposing that societies are mere recipients of such productions.
In post-independent India it has been implicated by different inquiry commissions appointed by the government in a number of Hindu-Muslim riots in different parts of the country. Paradoxically, what they got was spiritual but not socio-economic equality. On that day, the legislature was dissolved. The anti-aliens agitation is an expression, among other things, of the Assamese fear of becoming politically swamped by an ever larger Bengali presence in the state. .
Although the dowry system has been outlawed in India since 1986 and is punishable by death or life imprisonment sadly, most offenders are never convicted and those who are convicted of murder and other violent crimes against women, are acquitted Oldenburg, 2002. Countless women have now stepped forward, years later, to share their stories and expose workplace sexual assault and harassment even after not reporting any crimes to the police. Religion and the social order were so intertwined that most of those who belonged to the Little Tradition were the illiterate, laboring masses who make up 80 percent of the Hindus. Accordingly, the Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947 and the Manipur Hill Regulation Act 1947 were passed and demoractic elections were held in Manipur for the first time in 1948. Failure to enforce these policies has certainly not helped the situation for women in the country and has, in fact, acted as a way in which men are asserting their dominance over women in the area.
The upper castes were literate intellectuals, and the caste system they created gave them a foolproof social security and welfare. They are convinced secularists in politics and have no difficulty in regarding Muslims and Christians as loyal patriots. The modern state of India is only 34 years old and its development must be understood in the context of trying to impose a national framework on old cultural patterns. Under the Constitution of India, the first general elections were held in January, 1952 on the basis of adult franchise. Due to the lack of education the people remained completely ignorant and loyal to the ruler.
Rural India is the India of age-old patterns where tradition is the principal dynamic of society, where outsiders come and go but life continues, often without much change. Rapid influx of immigrants, war, revolution all may provoke changes in political values and beliefs with subsequent strains on the Political System. They also know the role of the government regarding law making, enforcement of laws and tax collection etc. Reactionary movements like Arya Samaj began to reconvert the low-caste Christian converts through shuddikaran purification. Mead, Margaret 1953 National Character. Mass Illiteracy has been the main obstacle to state sponsored political socialization through the print media in the past.
Little wonder is there that Christianity is looked upon as a outside religion. And, in order to have a better idea of Manipur politics, it would be ideal if we have a brief idea of the nature of political culture and socialisation in Manipur. Nearly every major social and political development of the period would generate such theories, which were often central to the political messages and methodologies of major movements in this period and all the early national political parties from the Federalists and Democratic Republicans to the anti-Masons, Whigs, and Know-Nothings. The American Journal of Comparative Law 47 1 1999 : 89—127. The people of Manipur who had popular government, whose members were elected in 1948 based on adult franchise for the first time in the whole of India, could not remain satisfied with the rule of the bureaucrats. Grossholtz, Jean 1964 Politics in the Philippines: A Country Study. Sub-culture also develops when the political system is unable to advance rapidly according to the fast-changing needs of the society, Sometimes new political structure may be introduced by the elite but certain people may not be able to cope with it.
Secondly, it has focused our attention on the study of political community o society as distinct from the individual and thus on the total political system. In addition, the conviction rate in 2012 was only 32%, most of whom were acquitted of their crimes, this rate even dropping from the previous year. London: Hogarth Conference On Communication and Political DevelOpment, Dobbs Ferry, N. The Britishers wanted to follow the containment policy so that the Manipuris might not rise against them. As the level of economic development of the people was very low they could not think of their own political status.