He reflects that one needs to be prepared for change. They had even given up their instincts. But after meeting Melchizedek, Santiago realizes that those things which seemed to offer him freedom have come to imprison him. Santiago now has a substantial amount of money from the sale of his sheep, and he thought a lot about omens as he was crossing the strait to Africa. The Gypsy does not give him a lot of information about his dream, but does tell him that if he finds the treasure, to give her one-tenth. Santiago and his new friend walk together through the busy streets of Tangier. He doesn't speak Arabic, so he can't really talk to anyone.
Santiago learned to read because he attended a seminary until he was sixteen. Santiago realizes another lesson learned from his sheep: that all life is connected and there is a language that does not depend on words. Although turning base metals into gold was not the focus, gold was a part of the treasure which was found by Santiago. They stood at a communal well and ask those who stopped for water where the Alchemist lived. Melchizedek also leaves Santiago with a story.
Santiago wonders what the world's greatest lie is. The caravan arrives at an oasis called Al-Fayoum where the will stay until the end of a war between some bandit tribes. Santiago feels that his father partly does this because he himself wished to have the experiences that he is able to grant his son—his father wants to live vicariously through Santiago. There is an alchemist there and the Englishman asks Santiago to accompany him while trying to find him. He wishes to see his poet son's words repeated in the future.
After the Englishman leaves and Fatima arrives. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the history of the world were written by the same hand. The boy travels through the desert until he comes upon a beautiful castle where the wise man lives. If he's still alive tomorrow night, Santiago should visit him. The man tells him about fate and Personal Legend. Some goal you've always wanted to achieve? Santiago's father presents the obstacle of money. Because the sheep focus only on food and water, they don't see that the places through which they travel are new every day.
It also may serve as a warning to the reader, at the start of what could be called a self-help novel, about the hazards of self-love. Once Santiago realizes this, that is when he strives to find his Personal Legend. Shepherding presents an unusual career path for an educated young man, but Santiago clearly feels comfortable with his choice. The two sit down and the woman begins to pray. In Egypt, there is a treasure that awaits him as well Coelho 13. To try to quell the crying lake that transformed it into a body of saltwater, the Goddesses remarked about how much the lake must miss Narcissus' beauty. What is particularly interesting about this section is the way that similarly to this narrative dichotomy it straddles the great geographic division that forms the main dialectic of the physical story - namely, that between Spain and Africa.
It's what the birds wanted to tell him. The sheep are ultimately presented as simple creatures, while Santiago is started to experience more complex thoughts and desires. This quest, though, is merely the metaphorical double to Santiago's other journey, which is to discover his own Personal Legend. Santiago is nervous and his hands begin to shake. Santiago asks what a Personal Legend is, and Melchizedek explains that it's the thing you have always wanted to accomplish. In the dream, he is in a field with his sheep, and a child appears. Coelho seems to value this kind of spiritual journeying over simply following a prescribed path.
As Santiago waited, he read. The shepherd encounters various strangers, which help him, willingly or not, to chase his goal. Santiago gave Melchizedek one-tenth of his sheep, sold the rest, and made his way to Tangier. He feels more confident now, and looks around the Tangier marketplace realizing that it is not a strange place, but a new one, and that opportunities to experience new places are what he has always wanted. He shows Santiago what is written on the Emerald Tablet, but Santiago can't understand it.
There is a pause, and Santiago's soul falls silent. For Santiago, Melchizedek himself is there as a supernatural guide to help reveal his Personal Legend. It is a hot day, and he sits on a bench in the plaza. The young man offers to be his guide and Santiago agrees. In a big city like London, this process of advantage-seeking is rife. They beat him up and he explains, finally, that he's digging for treasure. He finds out that her name is Fatima and then asks her about the alchemist.