The job of creating and maintaining a true blockade of the South fell on the shoulders of Gideon Welles. Then, he believed, Federal troops should stop, waiting for Southern Union sympathizers to turn on their Confederate governors and compel them to surrender. Two forts, Fort Donelson and Fort Henry, were constructed to defend the area — but Grant captured Fort Donelson in February 1862, after which Southern commander General Albert Sidney Johnston, realizing that his position was impossible, drew back from Nashville. While never officially adopted as a part of Scott's plan, Union forces did begin moving on the Mississippi in late 1861 and early 1862. Together with the blockade, he felt that this would be sufficient to isolate the South. Because the blockade would be rather passive, it was widely derided by the vociferous faction who wanted a more vigorous prosecution of the war, and who likened it to the coils of a anaconda suffocating its victim. Had Lee not been blockaded, or at least still held the Tennessee Valley, he would have had resources enough to drag the war on interminably; quite possibly long enough to force a settlement with the Union.
In July 1861, Union forces under Irvin McDowell suffered a severe defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia. Despite many ships being able to elude the blockade, it did have an impact on the number of ships reaching Southern ports, and thus affected the Southern economy. Scott then presented it to the president, in greater detail, proposing that 60,000 troops move down the Mississippi with gunboats until they had secured the river from Cairo, Ill. The plan's idea was to cut the South into two sections and make it easier to take control of the states. By November, with Scott's age and health ailments impeding his ability to continue, he stepped down from his position.
The Anaconda Plan The Anaconda Plan A Short Reader Reading Level edHelper's suggested reading level: grades 6 to 8 Flesch-Kincaid grade level: 6. The depot passed into Federal control, where it remained for the rest of the war, providing the Union with another crushing advantage. Although the plan was devised early in the war, it was derided by several newspapers and was reluctantly adopted by the Union's leaders. This 17-day battle led to eight U. His strategy became known as the Anaconda Plan. Lee's Army, but the city had no particular strategic value, serving only as a blow to Confederate morale.
Because the blockade would be rather passive, it was widely derided by the vociferous faction who wanted a more vigorous prosecution of the war, and who likened it to the coils of a anaconda suffocating its victim. Aftermath It was the Western Theater of the American Civil War that proved to be the most important region in the final defeat of the Confederacy, and this area was also that which was most significant to the Anaconda Plan itself. The mission of Operation Anaconda was to bring down the Taliban government and to destroy al Qaeda. Critics also argued that the U. The operation would take place in the Shahikot valley which had peaks that were anywhere around 8,000 to 12,000 feet. In the final stage of his long and accomplished career, Winfield Scott tried to shape Union strategy in 1861 and bring a quick end to the Civil War. A massive invasion along the Mississippi River, meanwhile, would cut off vital transportation and communication routes for the Confederates and open them up for Union troops.
The same was true in Richmond. In April 1861, before Scott fully devised his entire plan, orders were put into effect to begin a blockade of Southern ports. The Anaconda Plan was a strategy proposed by General-in-Chief Winfield Scott during the Civil War. Lincoln called for a blockade of the South on April 19th, 1861, 6 days after the fall of Fort Sumter. Capturing the Mississippi would have weakened the Confederacy even more than cutting off its supplies, since it would have effectively cut the Confederacy in half. While our work is not over with regards to the upcoming 2018 budget to be passed in the fall, the Omnibus Spending Bill represents an endorsement of the important work that the humanities do for our communities.
The South needed to import raw materials in order to prosecute the war, especially after the loss of the stockpiles at Nashville. Second, Scott suggested taking a force of roughly 80,000 men and moving down the Mississippi River, taking every key city and port, with the intended effect of cutting the Confederacy in two. Scott settled on giving a field command to Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, while he himself would remain in Washington to shape the Union strategy. Abraham Lincoln for crushing the rebellion of Southern states was devised by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott. Following this disaster, McDowell was replaced in Washington by George McClellan, who had a growing and large influence in the city.
Feedback on The Anaconda Plan The Civil War 1861-1865 United States United States History 50 States Document Based Activities Copyright © 2018 edHelper. Additionally, this paper will identify an alternate ending based on the use of available intelligence assets. The plan depended o … n a Naval blockade to starve the South, then a drive down the Mississippi, to divide the Confederacy in two isolating all enemy troops to the west of the river , and then sending in the armies to defeat the weakened foe. Southern rivers were avenues of invasion for Northern armies in the war's Western Theater. Two main elements of the eventual Union victory were the blockade and seizure of the Mississippi River. While Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan was never officially adopted, it did serve as a framework for what eventually occurred throughout the Civil War. Deprived of its cotton, Great Britain was, for a time, tempted to intervene on the Confederacy's behalf, a development that might have been devastating for the Lincoln administration.
If the blockade proved only partially successful, it would only serve to infuriate foreign nations. In 1861, Scott, a native of Dinwiddie County, Virginia, had been general-in-chief of the U. The imperative of 1861 was action, and any plan that did not immediately strike at was unwelcome. It received the name because of its relative passivity: the image conjured up was one of an anaconda slowly squeezing the life from its victim. He did not plan for a long-term occupation of the South, and he failed to see at least one important effect of the blockade. Nicki Minaj the performer of this hit has been criticized and praised by many.
Scott attempted to convince Lincoln and his leading cabinet members and generals of the wisdom of the plan, but it was not officially adopted by the President. First published: September 24, 2009 Last modified: May 9, 2011. The Anaconda Plan At the onset of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln met with his generals to devise a strategy by which the rebellious states of the Confederacy could be brought back into the Union. This plan, consisted of three parts, a western campaign, an eastern campaign, and a naval blockade of the Southern coast. The goal was to remove the Confederacy's ability to wage war by depriving it of foreign trade and the ability to import or manufacture necessary materials including weapons and military supplies.
As such, he did not consider an approach that, by 1864, Grant and his generals deemed a necessity—a hard, or total, war attacking the Confederacy's agricultural base and its will to fight. General Scott saw this and came up with the Anaconda plan. However, their defenses did not hold, and after Grant's taking of the garrison at Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862, Southern commander Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew and the supply depot remained in Union hands until the end of the war. It was a disaster for the Union. The Mississippi River The other part of Scott's plan, attacking down the Mississippi River, was more effective in bringing the Confederacy to its knees. The Anaconda Plan was drawn up to end the Civil War in favor of the Union.