It finds him a European in dress, industries, tools, modes of travel, and thought. As an idea, however, it's incredibly permeating: so that even as you acknowledge the past century of criticism against its prioritization of males or Euro-centrism, you can't help but begin to see the hand of the frontier everywhere in contemporary America. Contents: The significance of the frontier in American history -- The problem of the West -- The significance of the Mississippi Valley in American history -- Social forces in American history. In a speech on the dedication of the Calhoun monument Mr. People from many countries moved west, resulting in a melting pot of cultures and a multicultural American identity. But at home, or when they return from Congress, they have negroes to fan them asleep.
Would they retain the 'strength combined with acuteness and acquisitiveness? Washington desired to settle a State at a time in the Northwest; Jefferson would reserve from settlement the territory of his Louisiana purchase north of the thirty-second parallel, in order to offer it to the Indians in exchange for their settlements east of the Mississippi. As the frontier has leaped over the Alleghanies, so now it skipped the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains; and in the same way that the advance of the frontiersmen beyond the Alleghanies had caused the rise of important questions of transportation and internal improvement, so now the settlers beyond the Rocky Mountains needed means of communication with the East, and in the furnishing of these arose the settlement of the Great Plains and the development of still another kind of frontier life. The thesis shares his views on how the idea of the shaped the American being and characteristics. The fact is, that here is a new product that is American. Not only would there result a more adequate conception of American development and characteristics, but invaluable additions would be made to the history of society. Grund, writing in 1836, declares: It appears then that the universal disposition of Americans to emigrate to the western wilderness in order to enlarge their dominion over inanimate nature is the actual result of an expansive power which is inherent in them, and which by continually agitating all classes of society is constantly throwing a large portion of the whole population on the extreme confines of the State, in order to gain space for its development.
In the crucible of the frontier the immigrants were Americanized, liberated, and fused into a mixed race, English in neither nationality or characteristics. Thus an intellectual stream from New England sources fertilized the West. The forest falls before them as they advance, and the soil is laid bare so that you can scarce find the wherewithal to erect a shelter for the night. The jealousy and the fears of the East were powerless in the face of the demands of the frontiersmen. The effects reached back from the frontier and affected profoundly the Atlantic coast and even the Old World.
Thus the census of 1890 shows, in the Northwest, many counties in which there is an absolute or a relative decrease of population. Leigh, of Chesterfield, one of the tide-water counties, declared: One of the main causes of discontent which led to this convention, that which had the strongest influence in overcoming our veneration for the work of our fathers, which taught us to contemn the sentiments of Henry and Mason and Pendleton, which weaned us from our reverence for the constituted authorities of the State, was an overweening passion for internal improvement. It only got worse from then on. The E-mail message field is required. In this connection may be noted also the influence of frontier conditions in permitting lax business honor, inflated paper currency and wild-cat banking. Movement has been its dominant fact, and, unless this training has no effect upon a people, the American energy will continually demand a wider field for its exercise. A writer in The Home Missionary 1850 , p.
Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in 1924. The experience of the Carolina cowpens guided the ranchers of Texas. Long before the pioneer farmer appeared on the scene, primitive Indian life had passed away. It was the frontier of Europe in a very real sense. But this legislation was framed under frontier influences, and under the lead of Western statesmen like Benton and Jackson. The frontier region of the time lay along the Great Lakes, where Astor's American Fur Company operated in the Indian trade, and beyond the Mississippi, where Indian traders extended their activity even to the Rocky Mountains; Florida also furnished frontier conditions. The men of capital and enterprise come.
It finds him a European in dress, industries, tools, modes of travel, and thought. Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. The Old Dominion has long been celebrated for producing great orators; the ablest metaphysicians in policy; men that can split hairs in all abstruse questions of political economy. What an example, to come from the very frontiers of civilization! In the first half of the eighteenth century another advance occurred. The men of the frontier had closer resemblances to the Middle region than to either of the other sections. The jealousy and the fears of the East were powerless in the face of the demands of the frontiersmen.
And yet, in spite of this opposition of the interests of the trader and the farmer, the Indian trade pioneered the way for civilization. He may see how the mining experience in the lead regions of Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa was applied to the mining laws of the Rockies, and how our Indian policy has been a series of experimentations on successive frontiers. Thus the demand for land and the love of wilderness freedom drew the frontier ever onward. Administratively the frontier called out some of the highest and most vitalizing activities of the general government. Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. Other sections sent their missionaries; but the real struggle was between sects.
The East began to try to hedge and limit westward expansion. Stand at South Pass in the Rockies a century later and see the same procession with wider intervals between. The superintendent of the census for 1890 reports, as previously stated, that the settlements of the West lie so scattered over the region that there can no longer be said to be a frontier line. The effect of these great ranches on the subsequent agrarian history of the localities in which they existed should be studied. This frontier stretched along the western border like a cord of union. Broad-cloths, silks, leghorns, crepes, and all the refinements, luxuries, elegancies, frivolities, and fashions are in vogue.
The coast was preponderantly English, but the later tides of continental immigration flowed across to the free lands. The most significant thing about the American frontier is, that it lies at the hither edge of free land. Tidewater Virginia and South Carolina gerrymandering those colonies to insure the dominance of the coast in their legislatures. The American frontier is sharply distinguished from the European frontier—a fortified boundary line running through dense populations. The King attempted to arrest the advance by his proclamation of 1763, forbidding settlements beyond the sources of the rivers flowing into the Atlantic, but in vain. A primitive society can hardly be expected to show the intelligent appreciation of the complexity of business interests in a developed society.
Washington desired to settle a State at a time in the Northwest; Jefferson would reserve form settlement the territory of his Louisiana Purchase north of the thirty-second parallel, in order to offer it to the Indians in exchange for their settlements east of the Mississippi. There is not tabula rasa. Little by little he transforms the wilderness, but the outcome is not the old Europe, not simply the development of Germanic germs, any more than the first phenomenon was a case of reversion to the Germanic mark. Hardly is a new State or Territory formed before the same principle manifests itself again and gives rise to a further emigration; and so is it destined to go on until a physical barrier must finally obstruct its progress. These essays try to convey how the frontier drove American history and shaped it. In recent years historians and academics have argued strenuously over Turner's work; all agree that the Frontier Thesis has had an enormous impact on historical scholarship and the American soul. You can not station garrisons in every part of these deserts.