He does so and God parts the sea for him to escape the Egyptians. Is Aunty much different from what we know about the Ewells? We learn a lot about Aunt Alexandra in this chapter. When the children feel that Atticus will be too busy to notice them in the courtroom, and that it is safe for them to enter, they find that all the seats have been taken and Reverend Sykes invites them to sit in the balcony where the black people are sitting. He and Scout get into a fist fight, which Atticus breaks up, saying that Scout doesn't have to obey Jem unless he can make her do so. Dill and Scout keep watch in case anyone comes along, and Jem tries to deliver the note with the fishing pole, but finds that it's harder to maneuver than he expected. In this chapter, Atticus demonstrates his excellent skills as a lawyer. Ewell is most likely to blame for Mayella's injuries.
As his trial is nearing, Tom Robinson is to be moved to the Maycomb jail, and concerns about the possibility of a lynch mob have arisen. Jem and Scout went to his room and they were both in shock because that was the first time they had ever seen Atticus fight. The chapter includes an interesting discussion of what makes a person a member of one race or another. Review: Aunt Alexandra who has come to stay with the Finch family, holds many of the town's prejudices against blacks. Analysis This chapter sets the tone and basis for everything else that happens in the novel. Dill's fascination, in particular, leads to all sorts of games and plans to try and get Boo to come outside.
By introducing Miss Caroline, who is like a foreigner in the school, Lee also reveals Maycomb culture to the reader. Ewell is depicted as being confident of his ability to outsmart the world. Suddenly Scout runs out into the circle, but is taken aback when she realizes that these men are strangers to her. Her teacher, Miss Caroline Fisher, is 21 years old and new to the Maycomb County schools. In Chapter 4, we see that the schools have attempted to teach children how to behave in groups and how to be upstanding citizens, but Scout notes that her father and Jem learned these traits without the kind of schooling she is getting.
The children's attempt to trace the main incident in the novel Jem's broken arm back to its roots, leads them to wonder whether it all began when Dill first arrived in Maycomb and became their friend, or whether the real origins lie deeper in their ancestral history and the chance events that brought the Finch family to Maycomb. Simply because of their racial prejudice, the townspeople are prepared to accept the word of the cruel, ignorant Bob Ewell over that of a decent black man. The children's attempts to connect with Boo evoke, again, the sense that children will be able to see Boo with more decency and sincerity than the rest of the populace. Then Dill suggests that they have a baby together, and even though he knows how babies are made, he makes up a long dreamy story about a magic island where babies are collected like flowers. Many professionals in the town charge their country clients in farm produce rather than monetary currency. Mayella testifies next, a reasonably clean nineteen-year-old girl who is obviously terrified of the situation. Alexandra even forces Atticus to teach Scout and Jem about their family history.
Scout knew she had gotten her father back! Jem slapped her and punched her to the stomach which sent her to the ground. However, Jem can remember his mother and Scout notices that he is occasionally nostalgic about her. For instance, when various domesticated animals are mutilated and killed, townspeople still suspect Boo even after Crazy Addie is found guilty of this violence. Scout explains the history of how the town came to be and that the town was somewhat isolated from growth because it was so far away from the river so they were forced to marry their cousins. The importance of belonging is shown in this chapter. In the previous section, we saw the twelve-year-old Jem indignantly urging Scout to act more like a girl, indicating his growing awareness of adult social roles and expectations.
In addition, he suggests that Scout be less defiant toward their aunt, putting himself onto the adult side of the argument, to Scout's annoyance. Jem tells Scout not to worry about it and to stop pestering Aunt Alexandra. Refusing to permit his son to be deemed insane or charged with criminal behavior, Mr. She hopes that the three of them can get together as they used to, and enjoy themselves. Atticus never shows disapproval of either Mr. Therefore, when Miss Caroline writes the alphabet on the board and Scout reads it through easily, then reads from her reader and from the local paper, Miss Caroline forbids Scout to let Atticus teach her to read anymore. Dill said that it was because his mom and new dad were always fawning over each other and never paid attention to him.
Jem feels reassured knowing where his father is, but as they are about to head home, four old cars come into town. Tate tells that he was summoned by Bob Ewell to come to his house on the night of November 21 because Mayella had been raped. All the other children in the class understand this: growing up in this setting teaches children that people can behave a certain way simply because of the family or group that they come from. Miss Maudie is opposed to these staunch, strict ideas but is also religious, showing that perhaps she finds a relationship between maintaining beautiful things in the world and connecting with God. Ewell take the stand in Tom Robinson's trial, and their testimony make it appear that Tom is guilty of the crime.
The atmosphere is festive and people appear to be enjoying the event. Burris Ewell and his family manage to live outside the local and national laws because they are so poor and ignorant, belonging to the lowest circle of white Maycomb society. Dill and Jem sleep in Jem's room, which adjoins Scout's room. Scout rudely asks him what he's doing and Calpurnia gives her a lecture in the kitchen about how to treat guests - even if they're from a family like the Cunninghams. Cunningham during the mob scene brings him to his senses and prevents a riot.
The three engage in summertime play activities of improving the Finch tree and acting out the plots of several of their favorite books. In Chapter 5, though Atticus tries to encourage the children to leave Boo alone, their senses of sympathy have been summoned by thinking about Boo's solitude and his strict upbringing. Scout is almost six, and Jem is almost ten. Scout gets angry at being lectured and attacks Jem. Just a week later, events surrounding the trial begin to come to a head. Atticus is immediately summoned, who insists on informing his Aunt Rachel about his escape. Alexandra moved right in and made herself at home, and soon enough it seemed as if she'd lived there forever.