English Romantic poet John Keats was born on October 31, 1795, in London. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! The third and seventh stanzas have a charm for us which we should find it difficult to explain. Fortunately, Keats also acknowledges that he can use the 'viewless wings of Poesy' poetry to experience an amount however small of the nightingale's world. The opening stanza of the poem establishes its entranced, almost hallucinatory mood. Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain— To thy high requiem become a sod. He feels bittersweet happiness at the thought of the nightingale's carefree life.
Keats, who was not as fond of Shelley, did not follow his advice. It is plain brown above except for the reddish tail. As the first stanza unfolds, the speaker compares his mental state to being intoxicated or even poisoned, as suggested by 'hemlock' , even going so far as to allude, to make reference to, the river Lethe. Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou among the leaves hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the fret Here, where men sit and hear each other groan; Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs, Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; Where but to think is to be full of sorrow And leaden-eyed despairs, Where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow. Initially, he soars high on the wings of poetic fancy to the treetops where perches the nightingale, but before long he is back on earth where there is no light other than what flickers of the moonlight through the branches and the leaves of the trees.
The generations pass, but the nightingale's voice continues. The physical sensations of aches and pains are juxtaposed with the state of drowsy numbness and druggedness. In imagining the different varieties of wine he wishes to drink, the poem's speaker stimulates our senses of touch by describing the coolness of the wine , taste 'tasting of Flora and the country green' , hearing 'Provençal song' , and sight 'purple-stained mouth'. The experience he has had seems so strange and confusing that he is not sure whether it was a vision or a daydream. The speaker's vision is interrupted when the nightingale flies away and leaves him alone.
His ode is full of references to liquor and drugs. Does it capture the action of sparkling wine? The speaker admits that his vision is failing him either due to his altered mental state or simply because it's dark , but this only makes his sense of smell stronger. The song of the nightingale has been described as one of the most beautiful sounds in nature, inspiring , , , , and a great deal of poetry. Agnes, and seen this craftsman slowly elaborating and refining, will ever believe that this perfect stanza was achieved with the easy fluency with which, in the draft we have, it was obviously written down. This stanza narrows the focus of theme brought up in the second stanza. Instead, the songbird is capable of living through its song, which is a fate that humans cannot expect.
These dense sounds take on the sonic equivalent of grasses, thickets, and groves of trees. The of the is the contrast and strife between love and hate, where love succeeds because it has more strength than hate. Poetry does not bring about the pleasure that the narrator original asks for, but it does liberate him from his desire for only pleasure. In the beginning of the poem, the nightingale is presented as a word, but that changes throughout the poem. But poetry does not work the way it is supposed to. Keats perhaps was thinking of a literal nightingale; more likely, however, he was thinking of the nightingale as a symbol of poetry, which has a permanence. Written in 1819 two years before Keats' death , 'Ode to a Nightingale' explores the themes of mortality, transcendence, and impermanence.
You can probably tell by the first few words 'My heart aches' that this isn't going to be an especially cheery poem. The poem incorporates a complex reliance on —the repetition of vowel sounds—in a conscious pattern, as found in many of his poems. Inspired by the bird's song, Keats composed the poem in one day. I cannot see what flowers are at my feet, Nor what soft incense hangs upon the boughs, But, in embalmed darkness, guess each sweet Wherewith the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and the pastoral eglantine; Fast fading violets cover'd up in leaves; And mid-May's eldest child, The coming musk-rose, full of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves. It is significant that the poem should turn on a word, rather than a sound or a thought, as it has been about the ability of language, and the imagination, to escape reality and create a world of its own. We have not found it to be quite all that we wished in this respect--and it would have been very extraordinary if we had, for our wishes went far beyond reasonable expectations.
The chirps of the cuckoo are just two-note sounds similar to that of a cuckoo clock. These words give the onomatopoeic effect of the bees buzzing around. The bird may symbolize more than one thing. O for a beaker full of the warm South, Full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene, With beaded bubbles winking at the brim, And purple-stained mouth; That I might drink, and leave the world unseen, And with thee fade away into the forest dim: Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou among the leaves hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the fret Here, where men sit and hear each other groan; Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs, Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; Where but to think is to be full of sorrow And leaden-eyed despairs; Where beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new love pine at them beyond tomorrow. Keats longs for a draught of wine which would take him out of himself and allow him to join his existence with that of the bird. Each one of them is given prominence separately. He can't see any of the flowers or plants around him, but he can smell them.
Keats' reference here is to Ruth in the fields of Bo'az where she stood gathering the sheaves of corn. It also suggests the cooling effect on the wine made out of grapes grown in the warm south as a result of storing it underground. The poem ends with a question about the validity of such a heightened experience when it leaves him with a sense of loss and depression. Born in 1795, John Keats was a key member of the Romantic movement in English literature. Keats felt a tranquil and continual joy in her song; and one morning he took his chair from the breakfast-table to the grass-plot under a plum-tree, where he sat for two or three hours. The poet turns to poetic fancy to bridge the division between him and the bird. The poem begins as the speaker starts to feel disoriented from listening to the song of the nightingale, as if he had just drunken something really, really strong.
Because the poem is an ode, it directly addresses or 'talks to' its subject, always keeping the nightingale as the focus of the poem's action. . As the song recedes, the poet moves towards his forlorn self. Never was the voice of death sweeter. Get a whole bunch of puzzles, pay what you want, and help charity. In 1816 Keats became a licensed apothecary, but he never practiced his profession, deciding instead to write poetry. What is the effect of this? If he had had the beaker of wine, his famous ode would never had been written.