What factors affect the climate of an area. Natural Factors That Determine a Region's Climate 2019-01-10

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What factors determine the climate?

what factors affect the climate of an area

These are to name a few that i can … think of, i hope this is useful There are basically 6 factors affecting India's climate. Mountainous regions block the flow of air masses, which rise to pass over the higher terrain. The number of trees being cut down has also increased, reducing the amount of carbon dioxide that is taken up by forests. Instead, these places are likely to experience warmer summers and colder winters and hence have a large difference between summer and winter temperatures. Rising sea level also increases the salinity of and pushes salt water further upstream. Because it is a fluid, the ocean diffuses the effects of a temperature change for great distances through vertical mixing and convective movements.

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What factors affect the climate of a place?

what factors affect the climate of an area

Even a location near the equator, such as Mt. While it's fairly easy to describe a location's climate by examining weather data, a greater challenge is figuring out why the climate of one place differs from that of another. The higher the elevation of a region, the colder it is. Climate is defined as an area's long-term weather patterns. For instance, there is of tropical plants that has been found on Antarctica. The appropriate placement of windbreaks can help to alleviate these effects, while if you do have steep slopes on your site that create a lot of wind, you may wish to investigate harnessing this energy with turbines. Effects of Geography The position of a town, city or place and its distance from mountains and substantial areas of water help determine its prevailing wind patterns and what types of air masses affect it.


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What factors determine Earth’s climate? — European Environment Agency

what factors affect the climate of an area

This is described as low temperature range, Areasthat are far away from the sea tend to have a large temperaturerange, which is … described as Continental climate. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth's surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. Cloud cover is least extensive in December and January, when the ice cover is at its thickest. In spring and summer, people in Tornado Alley in the central United States watch for thunderstorms, these storms are caused where three types of air masses frequently converge: cold and dry from the north, warm and dry from the southwest, and warm and moist from the Gulf of Mexico - these colliding air masses often generate tornado storms. Clouds Clouds are made of tiny water droplets or ice crystals that have condensed onto tiny pieces of sea salt, dust, smoke, or other particles in the air. The Himalayas prevent the cold winds from Central Asia from entering the subcontinent. The steeper the slope the faster wind will move uphill.

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Factors Affecting Climate Change

what factors affect the climate of an area

Glasgow, for example, is at a similar latitude to Moscow, but is much milder in winter because it is nearer to the coast than Moscow. This comes out of the north Tasman Sea. These air masses create winds that help set weather patterns and determine a location's climate. Hence, there is a smaller difference between summer and winter temperatures. Furthermore, the position of your property in the landscape will affect temperature, with locations higher above sea level being colder than those lower down.


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What factors affect the climate of a place?

what factors affect the climate of an area

Landforms like mountain ranges can also affect climate. The centre of continents are subject to a large range of temperatures. Warm air has more internal energy than cooler air. This will determine how much solar radiation it receives, which in turn impacts upon temperature and shading. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York,.

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What is Climate?

what factors affect the climate of an area

After heavy rains, the soil can contain a lot of water and modify microclimates much like a body of water such as a lake. Expectations as to prices: The people are in a position to hold money when they expect the prices to fall. The altitude and different types of rainfall as conciquences eg. Warm ocean currents carry water from the tropics to the poles and raise the temperature of the winds, thus warming the coasts they pass through. The diagram below shows the ocean currents of the world view. The water heats and adds moisture to the air above it, a process that drives the major air currents around the world. This rising acidity can have significant impacts on coastal and marine ecosystems.

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What Effect Does Geography Have on Climate?

what factors affect the climate of an area

However, the Atlantic sector of the Arctic, between Greenland and Scandinavia is an exception. This happens because as altitude increases, air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat. Just like other areas on Earth, a number of factors influence the Arctic climate. In the Arctic, the cloudiest months are in summer, when the sea ice melts away and exposes open water in the Arctic Ocean. Higher Elevations Have Cooler Climates Climates become cooler and the cold season lasts longer as elevation above sea level rises. Two different wind patterns, the trade winds and the prevailing westerlies For instance, near the equator, the prevailing winds move from east to west and are known as the trade winds, shown in yellow and brown on the map.

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Geography

what factors affect the climate of an area

Humidity is lower over land areas, such as Canada, where there is less water to evaporate. Across a single location, there can be a significant number of different microclimates. The greenhouse effect is when gases naturally trap heat in the atmosphere, moderating the Earth's temperature. In the northern hemisphere, the Coriolis force deflects the wind to the right, so that winds circulate in a clockwise direction around high-pressure regions, and counterclockwise around low-pressure regions. Precipitation is water that is deposited on Earth's surface from the atmosphere. These are average conditions and do not essentially reveal conditions on a particular day. In most parts of the Arctic, the moderating effect of the ocean works more strongly in summer than in winter.

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What Are the Two Main Factors That Determine Climate?

what factors affect the climate of an area

Those living near the water will experience breezy, moist weather, when the warm air from the land meets the cooler air from the water and and rises, making for a windy climate with precipitation. Air Masses When air hovers for a while over a surface area with uniform humidity and temperature, it takes on the characteristics of the area below. However, in areas where there is no sea ice cover in areas, there can be a lot of evaporation and fog can form, making the ocean look as if it is steaming. In Britain the prevailing wind is from the south west, which brings warm, moist air from the Atlantic Ocean. A decrease in pressure indicates an approaching low-pressure system, which is associated with cloudy and wetter conditions. Coasts are sensitive to sea level rise, changes in the frequency and intensity of storms, increases in precipitation, and warmer ocean temperatures.

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Factors Affecting Weather & Climate

what factors affect the climate of an area

Land, in contrast has a lower heat capacity, so it heats up quickly during the day and cools down as soon as the sun goes down. Arctic temperatures are warmer in summer, when there is more sunlight, and colder in winter, when the region is dark. Climate Control Factors What Factors Control Your Local Climate? Ocean currents move heat around from areas that are warmer to areas that are cooler, adding energy and moisture to new regions. Over much of the Arctic, precipitation amounts are low. Also this air mass produces cloudy weather with light precipitations. But it is not yet clear how much of this global warming is due to natural causes and how much derives from human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests. This one is also unstable but only on the surface it's stable above.

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